Due to local and international coffee outlets are increasingly incorporated in various malls, office buildings, campuses and in urban areas, then the coffee lovers even more. However, among those who do not understand a lot about the type of coffee or origin of the coffee. Few people are curious about the history of coffee and how coffee can be poured in their cups.
That's why I want to share about coffee for you, so that we can appreciate the coffee farmers and the unique aspects of this coffee. One day you will become a true coffee connoisseur, so you will often have questions about the type of coffee or the aroma of coffee that you sips every day.
I'm sure there will be some colleagues or friends who invite you talking about coffee when you're relaxed with them in a simple coffee shop in the corner of the village or in a fancy cafe.
We need to know the types of coffee, and how to choose a good coffee, also about the aroma of fresh coffee, as well as ways of presenting a cup of coffee properly. Let's start on the coffee types, characteristics and aroma of coffee that you drink today.
Arabica coffee comes from Ethiopia and grows well in Brazil. This type of coffee has a market share of about 70 per cent of the world coffee market. Arabica coffee has many varieties, depending on the country they grew. Like other plants, the climate and soil where coffee is grown also affects the aroma and taste. You can find Arabica coffee thrives in Mandailing (North Sumatra) Toraja (South Sulawesi), Colombia, brasilia, Bali and others. Although the same species, but between arabica coffee and the other one had a difference in taste. Layperson perhaps a little difficult to find the difference, but a professional coffee taster will understand well, as did the experienced Barista.
In general characteristics of Arabica coffee is as follows:
* Arabica coffee aroma is fragrant odor, like a mixture of flowers and fruit. Coffee is grown in the cool and cold. This coffee is grown in areas with an altitude of 700-1700 meters above sea level, at a temperature of 16-20 ° C, and thrives in dry climates three months in a row.
* Have a sour taste that is not owned by robusta.
* Have a strong sense of the body or when sipped in the mouth.
* Arabica coffee flavor is mild or delicate.
* Arabica coffee is also famous bitter, so you need to add sugar or milk.
Robusta coffee is a descendant of some species, especially Coffea canephora. It grows well at an altitude of 400-700 m above sea level, the temperature of 21-24 ° C with dry months 3-4 months in a row and 3-4 times the rain submissions. Fruit quality is lower than Arabica and Liberika, but if dried properly, as well as if dipangang with the right temperature, the robusta coffee will also be very delicious.
Robusta coffee grows outside Colombia, such as in Indonesia and the Philippines. Just as Arabica, the soil conditions, climate, and coffee packaging process will be different for each country, and produces a slightly different feel. This coffee is likely to have a neutral flavor variations. Sometimes it also has the flavor or aroma such as wheat. Robusta coffee only control 30 percent of the world coffee market. It should be understood, Arabica coffee is more expensive than Robusta. Coffee mill that mixes a lot of Arabica and Robusta coffee before packaging, so they can create new flavors and aromas, so as to create new variations anyway, certainly affects the price.
The characteristics of robusta coffee is as follows:
* This coffee has a taste more like chocolate.
* Robusta coffee produces distinctive odor and sweet.
* The color varies according to the way of processing.
* It has a rougher texture than Arabica.
In addition to the main types, Robusta and Arabica, then there are other types that you may have never heard before. They are: Coffee ekselsa, racemosa, and Liberica (african coffee). They are a type of coffee that sits between arabica and robusta. This type of coffee is currently still in the development stage.
Additionally, you may have heard the coffee is very famous, and expensive, namely Kopi Luwak. This unique coffee comes from Arabica or Robusta coffee beans are eaten by civet. Civet is swallow coffee fruit, Flemings red, and process it with enzymes in the stomach. Seeds of the coffee fruit was then wasted with feces. The farmer patiently will clean this coffee before drying and further processing as is done for other coffee types.
Coffee is considered as Elixir of the Gods as well as wine is also considered a drinks of the gods. If you read some of the titles of the coffee that exist on this blog, then you will know better about coffee, in which coffee is not just a mere social drinks. Scientifically, coffee also has important benefits for human health, for example, to prevent dementia, and various other benefits.